Role of UNESCO in sustainable development of Russia. роль ЮНЕСКО в устойчивом развитии России
The beginning of the third millennium has shown the need to re-evaluate the perceptions of human progress achieved as a result of scientific and technological innovations in socio-economic development. Tangible and practically significant advances in space exploration, widespread use of information technology, discoveries made in the field of genetic engineering, biotechnology and other areas of society hope for the successful and trouble-free development of the world community.
In addition, advances in the development of information-sharing and modern modes of communication have created the conditions for greater inclusion in the advances of the scientific and technological advances of the majority inhabitants of the Earth. This, of course, should have had an impact on the understanding of the complexity, interdependence and contradictions of the modern world in such important areas of public life as politics, economics, education, health care, culture.
Today, however, it is also becoming increasingly clear that the twenty-first century is a century of exacerbated global problems, which have been largely driven by the rapid successes that have brought humanity to the modern phase of socio-economic Development.
Today, Russia's cooperation with UNESCO is of considerable interest to both sides, although initially the attitude towards this organization was very ambiguous. Up until the mid-1950s. The Soviet Union was cautious about participating in UNESCO, explaining its position as "excessive politicization". However, the official accession of the USSR to UNESCO in 1954 under the cold war and ideological confrontation opened up wide opportunities for Soviet figures of culture, science and education to enter the international arena. The Soviet Union made a significant contribution to the organization's programmatic activities and the development of documents that had a fruitful impact on the revitalization of inter-cultural dialogue. Cooperation with UNESCO helped to cement the reputation of the USSR as one of the most important centers of world culture, as well as to expand its relations with developing countries. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, this course was continued by the Russian Federation.
In the implementation of Russia's foreign policy strategy, aimed at strengthening its international positions and providing favorable external conditions for the country's development, of course, a special role belongs to culture, science and education - areas of direct UNESCO's competence. Cooperation with UNESCO has a positive impact on Russia's international credibility.
Using the rostrum of the world's largest humanitarian organization and actively participating in its activities, the country has a very valuable and unreplaceable opportunity to influence directly the international community and promote its views.
Today, cooperation with UNESCO is developing within three structures - the UNESCO Bureau in Moscow, the National Commission of the Russian Federation for UNESCO and the Permanent Mission of Russia to UNESCO in Paris.
The relevance of the chosen topic is determined by the significance and specifics of Russia's cooperation with UNESCO, including the promotion of the challenges of comprehensive modernization of all spheres of life, the identification of new vectors of development of Russia's relationship with this international structure in order to realize their own national interests, especially in the cultural and humanitarian sphere, in matters of natural, social and humanities, communication and information. Equally important is the search for opportunities within the framework of Russia's cooperation with UNESCO to strengthen Russia's cultural and humanitarian relations with CIS countries, to implement projects, to improve the forms, methods and use of resources of this international organization.
The object of the study is the mechanism of interaction between the Russian Federation and UNESCO.
The subject of the study is the essence and content of cooperation, forms, methods, ways and means of developing the relationship between Russia and UNESCO in order to implement the concept of sustainable development goals.
The aim is to analyze UNESCO's role in Russia's sustainable development.
The source of the research and the degree of scientific development of the problem. The historiographical analysis of the subject in question, as well as the issues of cultural and humanitarian processes, were carried out on the basis of, first of all, the materials of the Executive Council and the GENERAL Conference of UNESCO, the official documents of the Russian Federation, agreements signed between Russia and UNESCO, key statements by the organization's officials, the leaders of the Russian Federation, and the study of a significant amount of Russian and foreign scientific literature. It should be emphasized, however, that this is the first time that an analysis of the cooperation between the Russian Federation and UNESCO in the field of cultural and humanitarian cooperation has been carried out. In the structure of historiography on the subject under study, some works of domestic authors, which study the role of education in the education of young people in the spirit of peace, understanding and cooperation, occupy considerable weight. The work pays some attention to memoir literature: the author addresses such sources of information about the genesis of the Organization as the memoirs of former CEOs J.Huxley, A.M.M'Bow, F.Majora, K.Matsuura, memories of Russian diplomats Y.V.Dubinin, N.M.Kanayev, G.V.Uranov and other diplomats and international specialists.
The methodological basis of the study is an interdisciplinary approach (implying the use of scientific methods of cognition, as well as special methods of political, historical, legal research) to the analysis of the object of the study. This approach allowed to conduct an objective analysis of the foreign policy aspects of the development of cultural and humanitarian relations between Russia and UNESCO both in the historical context and in the current period, to trace the evolution of these relations, to assess them effectiveness and to offer options for further improvement.
The time frame covers the last 10 years.